Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) – FAQ
Testosterone is a hormone made by the body that is responsible for the normal growth and development of the male sex organs and for maintenance of other sexual characteristics. In men, testosterone is produced in the testes, the reproductive glands that also produce sperm. The amount of testosterone produced by the testes is regulated by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. Testosterone can affect the following:
- Growth and maturation of prostate and other male sex organs
- Development of male hair distribution such as facial hair
- Changes in body muscle mass and strength and fat distribution
- Sex drive and sexual function
- Mood and energy level
- Bone strength
Benefits of testosterone replacement therapy vary based upon the pre-therapy symptoms and other factors, but they can include the following:
- Increased energy
- Decreased irritability and depression
- Improved muscle mass and strength
- Improved sexual desire
- Improved visuospatial cognitive function and verbal memory
- Higher motivation
- Decreased body fat (optimal results received through accompaniment of a diligent diet and exercise regimen)
- Possible improvement in erectile function
- Thicker skin
Some patients could experience one or more of the following side effects from testosterone replacement therapy:
- Increase in red blood cells. This can be beneficial if you have anemia. However, it can be potentially dangerous because an increase in red blood cells can lead to blood clots, heart attack, or stroke.
- Prostate effects. If you have an enlarged prostate, testosterone may worsen your symptoms, particularly if you are more than 50 years of age. If you have a history of prostate cancer, you cannot receive testosterone therapy without prior clearance from the urologist who is overseeing your care.
- Skin reactions. Acne, oily skin, increased body hair, and flushing have been reported. These side effects are not very common, but if they occur, often they are transient.
- Infertility. Testosterone therapy down regulates production of a man’s sperm. Be upfront with your medical provider about your desire for children, and be sure to discuss the situation with your spouse or partner, if appropriate.
- Sleep apnea. This is a condition that disrupts breathing during sleep, and if already present, may be worsened by the use of testosterone therapy. If you snore or suspect you may have sleep apnea, be sure to talk to your medical provider about the situation. Considering a sleep study for further evaluation may be appropriate prior to starting therapy.
- Fluid retention. Although uncommon, you must use caution if you have a history of heart failure or kidney disease.
See the complete list of potential low testosterone treatment side effects for more information.
Only your physician can fully answer this question; however, in general, testosterone replacement therapy is not recommended for, or should be avoided by, patients with the following conditions:
- Breast or prostate cancer
- A palpable prostate nodule
- Untreated obstructive sleep apnea
- Severe benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms (AUA prostate symptom score > 19)
- Uncontrolled severe heart failure
- Unexplained PSA elevation
- Severe lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hypertrophy
- Unstable severe congestive heart failure (class III or IV)
The proper method of testosterone delivery for you is a matter for your physician to determine; however, many find that some gels tend to be messy and less convenient than other treatment modalities. In addition, there can be a risk of unintentional transmittal to children or others with whom you may have physical contact.
Testosterone patches can create a significant rash at the site of application. They also don’t stick well, especially during the summer months.
Experience has shown that gels and patches may require dosage adjustments to obtain medically appropriate blood concentrations, and some patients may never absorb enough testosterone from gels or patches to improve symptoms. These modalities often have a higher conversion to less desirable hormones in the process of transfer through the skin.
The physicians at Low T Center regularly employ intramuscular testosterone injections because of their clinical effectiveness and convenience.
The $99 health assessment includes a consult with a medical provider as well as data gathering. We capture your medical history; any symptoms you are experiencing; and a quantification of how you are feeling, which will result in your LTC Vitality Score.
In addition, we take your vitals — blood pressure, pulse rate, weight — and do a full blood panel:
During your first visit, you will complete a health questionnaire where you will tell us about any symptoms you’re having and your medical history, and you will a have simple blood test*, and your vitals will be checked, and you’ll be on your way. As you are heading out we’ll book your second visit for you.
*The labs consists of a hormone panel, prostate, thyroid, cholesterol, A1C- glucose, liver function and more.
At your second visit , which is only about 35 minutes – you will meet with our medical provider where they will conduct a physical exam, and discuss the results of your labs, your vitals, your answers to our health assessment, your health goals and any recommended therapy. If you had low testosterone levels on your first blood draw, we will run a 2nd test during this visit to verify that you do have low testosterone and you could potentially begin therapy.